Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Blocked or narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to the heart muscle, leading to damage and eventual heart failure.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) 

Prolonged high blood pressure forces the heart to work harder, causing it to weaken over time. 


Diseases affecting the heart muscle can result in the heart's inability to pump blood effectively. 

Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack) 

A heart attack can cause permanent damage to the heart muscle, compromising its ability to pump blood. 

Valvular Heart Disease 

Malfunctioning heart valves can lead to inefficient blood flow, straining the heart and causing failure. 


Uncontrolled diabetes can damage blood vessels and the heart muscle, contributing to heart failure. 


Excess body weight puts extra strain on the heart and increases the risk of developing heart failure. 


Tobacco smoke contains chemicals that can damage blood vessels and heart tissue, raising the risk of heart failure. 

Chronic Kidney Disease

Impaired kidney function can lead to fluid buildup in the body, putting extra stress on the heart. 

Irregular Heart Rhythms (Arrhythmias)

Abnormal heart rhythms can disrupt the heart's pumping function, potentially leading to heart failure.