Stay Hydrated

Drinking plenty of water dilutes the substances in urine that lead to the formation of stones, making them less likely to crystallize and form stones.

Limit Sodium Intake

High sodium levels in the diet can lead to an increase in calcium in the urine, which can contribute to kidney stone formation. Aim to reduce your sodium intake by avoiding processed foods and adding less salt to your meals. 

Moderate Animal Protein

Diets high in animal proteins, such as red meat, poultry, and fish, can increase the risk of kidney stones. Try to limit your intake and balance it with plant-based protein sources like beans and lentils. 

Increase Citrus Intake

Citrus fruits like lemons, oranges, and limes contain citrate, which can help prevent kidney stones by binding to calcium and preventing it from crystallizing. 

Limit Oxalate-Rich Foods

Foods high in oxalates, such as spinach, rhubarb, nuts, and tea, can contribute to calcium oxalate stones. While these foods are healthy, moderation is key, especially if you're prone to forming kidney stones. 

Moderate Calcium Intake

While calcium is essential for bone health, excessive calcium intake from supplements may increase the risk of kidney stones. Aim to meet your calcium needs through dietary sources like dairy products, leafy greens, and fortified foods. 

Maintain a Healthy Weight

Being overweight or obese can increase the risk of kidney stones. Adopting a healthy diet and regular exercise routine can help you maintain a healthy weight and reduce your risk. 

Limit Sugar and High-Fructose Corn Syrup

Diets high in sugar and high-fructose corn syrup can increase the risk of kidney stones. Limit your intake of sugary beverages and processed foods to help prevent stone formation. 

Monitor Medications

Some medications can increase the risk of kidney stones, such as diuretics, antacids containing calcium, and certain antibiotics. If you're on medication, consult your healthcare provider to see if there are alternatives or if adjustments can be made. 

Maintain Regular Checkups

Regular visits to your healthcare provider can help monitor your kidney health and identify any potential issues early on. They can also provide personalized advice based on your medical history and risk factors.